Postpartum Bleeding – What Do New Moms Need to Know?

Congratulations, new mom! Welcoming your bundle of joy into the world is a momentous occasion, but it also comes with changes in your body after delivery. One of these changes is postpartum bleeding, a topic that may not be the most pleasant but is crucial for your recovery. In this article, we’ll guide you through everything you need to know about postpartum bleeding while maintaining a friendly and informative tone.

What is Postpartum Bleeding?

During pregnancy, your body undergoes numerous transformations to support the growing life within you. However, after your baby’s arrival, your body doesn’t immediately return to its pre-pregnancy state. Instead, you experience postpartum bleeding, scientifically known as “lochia.” This natural process involves the shedding of the uterine lining, blood, placental tissues, inflammation-free endometrial lining, and other fluids that aided your baby during pregnancy.

Types of Postpartum Bleeding

There are three main types of lochia, each with its unique characteristics:

  1. Lochia Rubra: This early bleeding is typically bright red and consists of blood, mucus, and uterine tissue. Lochia rubra usually lasts about 3 to 5 days after childbirth.
  2. Lochia Serosa: Following the rubra phase, the bleeding becomes lighter, taking on a pink or brown hue. This phase can extend from the fourth day to the 4th week postpartum.
  3. Lochia Alba: In the first weekend or the beginning of the second week, blood flow further decreases, becoming white or yellow. This final stage can persist for up to 6 weeks after delivery.

Why Does Postpartum Bleeding Occur?

To understand the scientific basis of postpartum bleeding, consider the following factors:

Uterine Involution:

During pregnancy, your uterus expands to accommodate your growing baby. After childbirth, it begins to shrink back to its pre-pregnancy size, a process known as uterine involution. This process can trigger the shedding of the uterine lining, leading to bleeding.

Placental Site Healing:

The area where the placenta was attached to the uterine wall requires healing after delivery. As this area heals, some bleeding is normal, contributing to the discharge of lochia.

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