Almost everyone encounters the problem of bad breath at some point in their life.
In medical terms, this issue is referred to as “halitosis” and there can be various reasons behind it. In fact, certain medical conditions may also be hidden behind it.
Generally, bad breath is a temporary issue, but in some cases, it can become permanent. According to an estimate, 50% of adults face this problem at least once in their lifetime.
Here are some common causes:
1. Poor Dental Hygiene
Often, the accumulation of food particles on the tongue, teeth, and gums is a major reason for bad breath. When these particles decay, they release an unpleasant odor.
2. Not Cleaning the Tongue
Specific bacteria reside on the tongue, which, when combined with food particles, causes bad breath. This is why, along with brushing teeth, it’s essential to clean the tongue regularly.
Certain foods like garlic, onions, or other strong-smelling foods can lead to this problem. Our stomach absorbs oils from foods that move into the bloodstream and reach the lungs. This oil can also cause bad breath.
The habit of smoking can also be a cause of bad breath.
5. Dry Mouth or Not Drinking Enough Water
When our mouth gets dry, saliva production decreases. With reduced saliva, food particles and bacteria remain in the mouth for a longer time. Sleeping with an open mouth or certain medications can cause dryness. Also, not drinking enough water makes the mouth dry, increasing the risk of bad breath.
6. Dental or Gum Diseases
Issues arise when the plaque on teeth isn’t cleaned properly, affecting the gums over time. This plaque remains between teeth and gums, emitting a strong odor.
7. Diseases of Tonsils, Mouth, or Throat
Sometimes, infections in the tonsils, respiratory diseases, tonsil stones, among others, can cause bad breath.
8. Various Medical Conditions
Conditions such as kidney diseases, liver diseases, diabetes, and acid reflux can also lead to a peculiar odor in the breath. The good news is there are numerous home remedies available to tackle bad breath.
Research reports have shown that most cases of bad breath are a result of a dry mouth. Saliva in our mouth plays a crucial role in keeping it clean, and its deficiency increases the bacterial count. Our mouth naturally dries up during sleep, which is why bad breath is quite noticeable in the morning.
So, developing a habit of drinking an adequate amount of water helps in saliva production, making it easier to control bad breath.
Yogurt contains beneficial bacteria that are good for health and combat harmful bacteria.
Research has proven that consuming yogurt can help address issues related to bad breath. For this purpose, consume a small amount of sugar-free yogurt once a day.
Milk is also considered a good remedy for combating bad breath. Especially, drinking a glass of milk after consuming foods like garlic and onions can help prevent bad breath.
Consuming fennel can also help freshen breath. Fennel contains oils that work to freshen breath.
Research has found that eating apples can help control the odor produced in breath after consuming garlic or onions. Apples contain specific natural compounds that are helpful in this regard.
14. Baking Soda
Baking soda helps eliminate bacteria in the mouth. To use it, mix 2 teaspoons of baking soda in a cup of warm water and use this solution for rinsing.
Chewing one or two cloves can also assist in controlling bad breath. The antibacterial properties of cloves combat bacteria in the mouth.
Chewing a piece of lemon can also help freshen breath. The acidity in lemon accelerates saliva production and makes it easier to combat bad breath.
17. Chew Mint Leaves
Chewing mint leaves is another effective way to combat bad breath.
Note: This article is based on details published in medical journals; readers are advised to consult their healthcare provider regarding these matters.